- How many people does Steffen estimate we will have living in or near cities by mid-century?
8 billion or perhaps more.
- Explain how you agree or disagree with Steffen’s point that our energy use is “predestined” rather than “behavioral”.
I agree with Steffen’s point that energy us is “predestined” because we’ve gotten so used to a certain type of energy usage esp depending on the type of community we live in.
- What correlation does Steffen make between a city’s density and its climate emissions?
The denser cities have a lower climate emission. The denser the city may be, the less climate emissions it will be due to the less need for your own car, and more walking or public transportation.
- What are the “eco districts” that Steffen mentions? How you see these as feasible or unfeasible in a city like Norfolk?
Eco districts- Places that already exist, but are put into a more sustainable neighborhood; in-field development, re-weeding urban development. I think that it is feasible in Norfolk especially in downtown Norfolk by Waterside; and that would be great place to put it since Waterside is going out of business and bringing eco districts there will liven the area up a little bit.
- Explain how you agree or disagree with the “threshold effect” that Steffen discusses related to transportation.
I agree to a certain extent. If I understand, Steffen stated that people would stop driving as much, using no cars at all but only using public transportation. That is true to a certain degree. People are going to want to still own a car because despite a lot of resources being within walking distance; there are some people that just do not use public transportation because they don’t like it, and what If they have a friend who doesn’t live in walking distance or doesn’t live in bus transportation distance? Nonetheless, I totally see where Steffen is coming from though; if people have their resources right under them, why would use their car instead of walking or using public transportation?
- What does Steffen mean by the idea that, “…even space itself is turning into a service…”? Can you provide any examples that you see here in Norfolk or elsewhere?
I believe Steffen meant that a lot of space that isn’t being used is being used nowadays. Whether it be a billboard that says, “Put your advertisement on a billboard!” or even the Scope in downtown Norfolk for example. It’s used as a place to see the circus, watch hockey games, wrestling matches, etc.
- Describe your understanding of Steffen’s argument that, “…it’s not about the leaves above, but the systems below…”.
I believe that Steffen was saying that it’s not about how much you do, but the EFFECTIVENESS of the project; in the hopes that the outcome is successful.
- Finally, overall in what way(s) do you see Steffen’s ideas working / not working here in Norfolk? Spend time with this question!
I think that Steffens ideas can work in some parts of Norfolk. I think the focus needs to be on as I stated earlier, the Waterside area in downtown Norfolk, and some of the less improved areas that are overlooked by the community and overlooked by the city council. I would like to see green infrastructure and urban street trees, pollinator pathways, soil and carbon sequestration, etc. on the streets of Norfolk. I can see big things happening to Norfolk, but it’s up to the community and city as a whole to make that happen.